On the morning of October 24th, the "2018 Research Frontier" report （Chinese and English version） and "2018 Research Frontier Heat Index" were published by the Science and Technology Strategy Consulting Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Chinese Literature Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Clarivate Analytics. "report. In the report, 100 hotspot frontiers and 38 emerging frontiers in 10 highly aggregated university fields were selected.
First look at 10 chemical & materials science hot spots
In the report, we have specially combed the core papers of the two hotspots, and the TOP output countries and institutions.
The frontier of key hotspots - "metaselective carbon-hydrogen bond activation"
The frontier of key hotspots - "Low eutectic solvent and its application"
The core papers in the forefront of this research are mainly from the European Union countries such as the Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom. This is related to the EU's "Framework Program" funding a large number of eutectic solvent industrialization research projects. Research institutions in the field have been involved in various industrial research projects such as the University of Leicester in the United Kingdom and the University of Leiden in the Netherlands.
8 Emerging frontiers in chemistry & materials science
The research report interprets three of the four core papers on stretchable materials and device orientation from Professor Bao Zhenan from Stanford University. Many of his team's work is cutting-edge and groundbreaking. For example, in 2016, the team abandoned the previous strategy of preparing flexible semiconductors such as nanofibers or nanowires in elastomers, and innovatively introduced chemical groups into conjugated polymers to achieve higher electrons in strain generation. For the goal of migration capability, the citation frequency of this article is the highest in this emerging frontier, 124 times. In 2017, the team also proposed the nano-constrained method for polymers for the first time, and prepared flexible semiconductor materials with excellent conductivity and stretchability. The related articles were cited 95 times. Recently, the team successfully developed a high-density, high-sensitivity, stretchable transistor array that can be mass-produced for the first time. China's Hefei University of Technology has recently developed an elastic conductor material that combines self-healing, high electrical conductivity, and excellent tensile and electromechanical stability with the orderly assembly of metal nanowires.
Key directions and emerging directions of materials in other disciplines
Catalytic activation of persulfate to degrade water contaminants using transition metals and nanotechnology